Home: The Story of Maine
A Part of the Main: European Settlement of the Mainland

Lesson 2: Mapping with Words
Place Names Chart

 

Penobscot or Passamaquoddy/Maliseet Place Name

 

 

English Place Name

Meaning of Penobscot, Passamaquoddy/Maliseet, Micmac or Abenaki Name

Katahdin

Mount Katahdin

Principal mountain or hill

Nicatow

Medway

Fork of a river

Matawamkeag

Mattawamkeag

At the mouth a gravel bar

Mugaleepahwangan

A small pond outside of Lincoln

The caribou trail (the pond used to be part of an old caribou route)

Skutahzis

Eskutassis Stream

Brook trout stream

Passadumkeag

Passadumkeag River

Above the gravel bar

Oolamon-oosuk

Olamon Island

Red paint place (natural occurrence of red hematite, used as adornment)

Pannawambskek

Indian Island and Old Town

Where the ledges spread out (after the many falls between Bangor and Old Town)

Penobscot

Penobscot River

At the descending rock (originally meant to refer to a section of the river between Old Town and Bangor)

Skitikuk

Stillwater River

Still water, dead water

Madamiscomtis

Blackman Stream, Bradley

Plenty of alewives

Wabenobanktuk

Veazie Falls

White-water falls

Mitanganessuk

First Falls at Eddington Bend

Head of the tide

Kenduskeag

Kenduskeag Stream

Eel-weir place

Edalawikekehadimuk

Hampden Narrows

Place where they made markings or writings (according to an old legend, rock-fairies would mark the rocks here to record the number of canoes that went by)

Edalitwakilmauk

Bald Hill Cove, Winterport

Place where you have to run up hill (according to an old custom, men and women would run up the gravel bluff here to see who was the fastest)

Kwikwimeswiticook

Marsh River

Black duck stream`

Passagassawaukeag

Belfast Bay

Place for spearing sturgeon by torchlight

Catawamtek

Lermondís Cove, Rockland

Great landing place (this was used as a principal landing; from here, canoes could be carried to three different westward routes)