HOME: The Story of Maine

"A Part of the Main": European Settlement of the Mainland
Lesson 2: Mapping with Words
Assignment Sheet 2

Five hundred years ago, Maine's Native Americans had no maps to describe their landscape. Instead, their languages served as maps. The word Nicatow described a fork in the Penobscot River. Matawamkeag described the gravel bar that marked the mouth of a tributary stream that emptied into the river. Characteristics like these helped travelers find their way.

What would a map of the Penobscot River Valley have looked like five hundred years ago? Your task is to create that map. Follow the directions below.

A. Map Requirements:

  1. Draw the course of the Penobscot River from Medway (Nicatow) to Rockland (Catawamtek), using a good map of Maine to help you.
  2. For each name on the Place Names Chart, mark a spot on the map. Label each place with both the Wabanaki and the English name.
  3. Include a legend that identifies the scale of the map and any symbols you use.
  4. Include a compass that shows the North-South orientation of the map (north should be toward the top of the page).
  5. Include your name and the date.
  6. Title your map.

B. Map Extras:

  1. Make it colorful. Illustrate your map with drawings of fish, animals, trees, or other pictures.
  2. Include latitude and longitude lines.
  3. Include a grid and an index.
C. Grading Rubric:

An A map will:

  • Include all of the requirements listed under Section A.
  • Include one or more of the Extras listed under Section B.
  • Be as accurate as possible.
  • Demonstrate an outstanding, creative effort.
  • Demonstrate excellent mapping skills.

A B map will:

  • Include all of the requirements listed under Section A.
  • Be fairly accurate.
  • Demonstrate a very good effort.
  • Demonstrate good mapping skills.

A C map will:

  • Include requirements 1, 2, 5, and 6 listed under Section A.
  • Show sloppy work.
  • Demonstrate a solid effort.
  • Demonstrate adequate mapping skills.
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