HOME: The Story of Maine
"Trails, Rails, and Roads"
Lesson 2: Road Tripping - Transportation History on the Road
Using your road map, follow the instructions listed below. Fill
in the blanks as you go. Pay special attention to the information
about each of the stops along the way.
1. There's a car rental agency in Portland. Choose your favorite
make and model and let's go! We'll travel first to Fryeburg, like
the Ezekiel Merrill family did in 1788. From Portland, take Route
25 west to Route 113. What kind of road is Route 25, according
to the map legend?
2. Now, take 113 north to Fryeburg. Continue north to Gilead,
then east on Route 2 to Bethel. This is the same trail that the
Merrill family took to Andover so many years ago, climbing to
heights of over 1,400 feet and fording rivers to get to their
destination. This road was paved in 1935, but it remains relatively
isolated; it is still not cleared in the wintertime. Name another
possible route to take from Fryeburg to Andover.
3. Many years after the Merrills traveled through the wilderness
to Andover, a railroad company hired John Brickett to survey the
same trail. Brickett, who lived there, and liked the isolation
of the place, decided to protect the spot from development. According
to the video, what did he do?
4. Follow Route 2 west to Rumford. Name the two towns near Rumford
on the Androscoggin River that share names with other countries.
5. Keep traveling on Route 2 west for 24 miles, until you get
to where a branch of the University of Maine is located.
The Sandy River Narrow Gauge Railroad used to come through this
town. Narrow gauge railroad tracks were small enough to navigate
the more mountainous terrain of western Maine. Many of the narrow
gauge lines (which were usually branch lines) were originally
built to haul raw materials such as lumber or potatoes.
6. Follow Route 2 west for another 26 miles, until 2 intersects
with Route 201. Take 201 south to Interstate 95. This interstate
was built after World War II, making Maine the second state in
the country to build a modern toll road. Name the city that is
closest to the junction of 201 and 95.
7. Follow 95 north to Bangor, the city Franklin Cram was from.
Cram and Albert Burleigh of Houlton built a railroad line in 1891
that became known as the "railroad the potatoes built."
This railroad helped bring development to Aroostook County. It
also helped transport potatoes from Aroostook County to many markets
in New England. What is the name of the railroad, according to
8. Keep following 95 north into Aroostook County.
When the botanist Kate Furbish traveled to this part of Maine
in 1881, she wrote:
The country was a vast wilderness. The driver
of the stage said that there were probably no houses west of the
road until one reached Canada. The road itself was alarming because
recent "repair" work had left ditches as deep as ravines
on both sides. There were fine views of Mount Katahdin, and long
stretches through dense forests where silence itself seemed the
Roads like this made it very difficult for people who lived in
Aroostook County to travel. The railroad and, later, the Interstate
changed this. What is the name of the last city on 95 that you
drive through before you get to Canada?
9. What road off of 95 would you take to get to Fort Kent?
10. Now get on Route 1 going south. This road used to be called
the King's Highway, which was a series of dirt roads and paths
dating from before the Revolution. Paved in 1925, it became the
nation's first paved, numbered route, extending down the eastern
seaboard of the United States. Because it follows the coast, it
is one of the more scenic routes through Maine. Follow it south
to Calais. Continue south, then easterly on Route 1. Count the number
of bays you pass before you get to Portland. ______
Fill your gas tank, return the car, and call it a day!
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