Father Pierre Biard
(c.1567-1622)
Father Pierre Biard, a French Jesuit priest, sailed to the Port Royal, Nova Scotia colony in 1611. There, he and his compatriot, Enemond Massť, attempted to teach the Wabanaki Indians about Catholicism. Rejected by the Huguenot colonists inhabiting the island, Biard and other colonists traveled to St. Sauveur (present-day Bar Harbor) in 1613, intending to start a settlement and mission there. Samuel Argall, an English captain from Jamestown, Virginia on a fishing trip in the Gulf of Maine, soon destroyed the nascent colony and captured Biard, who eventually returned to France after a harrowing journey at sea. Though his stay in the New World was short, Biard wrote many volumes of description of the land and the people that inhabited it, which can be read in The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, translated into English by Reuben Gold Thwaites.

Source: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. II. Ed. Allen Johnson. New York: Charles Scribners' Sons. 1929

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