Maine's unrivaled leader of the early modern movement in American painting was Marsden Hartley (1877 - 1943). Born in Lewiston, Maine, to English immigrant parents. Hartley painted unique landscapes, the first of which were exhibited in New York City in 1909, under the patronage of Alfred Stieglitz. Hartley traveled the world from the Steiglitz circle in New York to Berlin, Paris, Bermuda, Nova Scotia and New Mexico, but always returned to his native state for inspiration. He eventually developed his own unique form of Expressionism, as shown in many of his bold Maine Landscapes. Harley was also a talented writer, who, in an essay titled, "On Nativeness" declared himself unequivocally as "the painter from Maine." Linked to such Mainers-by-choice as John Marin, Peggy Bacon, Gaston Lachaise, Carl Sprinchorn and the Zorachs in his day, Hartley's artistic reputation has grown in recent decades. Biographical and artistic overviews by Barbara Haskell, Gail R. Scott and Townsend Ludington have increased our knowledge and suggest a high place for his paintings and poetry. Many of his best landscapes specifically focus on Maine.