The "bloodless" Aroostook War and the Webster-Ashburton Treaty: Maine and New Brunswick had been quibbling for almost fifty years over the true boundary that marked the division between the U.S. and Canada. The 1783 Peace of Paris identified the boundary as the St. Croix River, but it was not clear which river in the area truly was the St. Croix. The disputed territory was about 8000 square miles wide. While the federal governments of both the U.S. and Britain were willing to put the decision off, local loggers begged the question by cutting timber illegally and floating it down the St. John River into New Brunswick. Maine sent a troop of men to the area in 1839 to rid it of the timber poachers, and two of the men were arrested by New Brunswick officials. Hostility between the two regions increased, and Mainers prepared for war. Finally, the dispute was settled by a conversation between U.S. General Winfield Scott and New Brunswick Governor John Harvey. American representative Daniel Webster and British representative Lord Ashburton arrived at the definitive boundary together, and their decision is documented in the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

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