Margaret Chase Smith's Declaration of Conscience: This famous speech earned Margaret Chase Smith a reputation for being an independent thinker and a moderate Republican. During the anti-communist fervor that gripped the country under the instigation of Senator Joseph McCarthy, Smith spoke out for a return to basic American values such as freedom of speech, the freedom to criticize government, and to hold unpopular beliefs. Criticized by many fellow Republicans at the time for denouncing a fellow party member, Smith was vindicated four years later, when McCarthy was censured by the U.S. Senate.

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