The Council for New England: At the urging of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a wealthy English knight, the Council for New England appealed to King James I in 1620, and soon received a patent for the land reaching from Chesapeake Bay to the Penobscot River, and from sea to sea (the King had no idea how wide the country was). By 1630, faced with competition for authority from the growing Plymouth colony in Massachusetts, Gorges and the Council began to issue land grants to people from the British West Country, London, interior England and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. These were some of Maine's first European settlers.

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