King George's War: War broke out in Europe again in 1744, but did not spread to Maine until 1745, when Canadian Indians and French raided English settlements along the coast. Though Penobscot and Kennebec Wabanaki had remained neutral during these attacks, they refused to send warriors to fight their Canadian neighbors, and Massachusetts interpreted this refusal as a hostile gesture. It declared war on all Maine Wabanaki, as well as on the neighboring French. During this war, Kittery-born militia commander Sir William Pepperell led a successful attack on the French base at Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island. Some of Maine's Wabanaki chose to fight with the English in this war, but most remained neutral. More families migrated north.

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