The French and Indian or Seven Years' War: This war marked the final widescale conflict in Maine between the English, the French, and the Wabanaki. New English settlements on land that had been reserved for the Wabanaki frustrated the Indians during peace time, and isolated incidents of theft and murder escalated tensions between the two groups. A new fort erected along the Kennebec River forced Kennebec Wabanaki from their villages and blocked an important route to Canada. Even though the Penobscots had remained neutral, Massachusetts declared war on all Maine Wabanaki in 1755. By 1763, English settlers were flooding Maine and most traditional Wabanaki villages had been obliterated. Many Wabanaki remained in Canada and in eastern Maine. Some western Wabanaki returned to their homes to live in isolated family bands, while many Penobscot members returned to their village at Penawabskik, near present-day Old Town. Maine's Indians had lost virtually all military power during the course of the six wars they fought with the English colonists.

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