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Gulf of Maine: More Info

Endangered Species

Many species in the Gulf of Maine watershed are endangered. This is a list of priority species:

Birds (75 species):

  • American bitten
  • American black duck
  • American oystercatcher
  • American woodcock
  • Arctic tern
  • Bald eagle
  • Baltimore oriole
  • Bay-breasted warbler
  • Bicknell’s thrush
  • Black scoter
  • Black tern
  • Black-bellied plover
  • Blackburnian warbler
  • Buff-breasted sandpiper
  • Canada warbler
  • Cape May warbler
  • Chestnut-sided warbler
  • Common loon
  • Common snipe
  • Common tern
  • Eastern meadowlark
  • Field sparrow
  • Hudsonian godwit
  • Killdeer
  • Least sandpiper
  • Least tern
  • Little blue heron
  • Little gull
  • Louisiana waterthrush
  • Marsh wren
  • Nelson’s sharp-tailed sparrow
  • Northern flicker
  • Northern goshawk
  • Northern harrier
  • Olive-sided flycatcher
  • Osprey
  • Peregrine falcon
  • Pied-billed grebe
  • Piping plover
  • Prairie warbler
  • Purple sandpiper
  • Razorbill
  • Red crossbill
  • Red-headed woodpecker
  • Red knot
  • Red-shouldered hawk
  • Roseate tern
  • Ruddy turnstone
  • Saltmarsh sharp-tailed sparrow
  • Sanderling
  • Scaup (greater and lesser)
  • Seaside sparrow
  • Sedge wren
  • Semipalmated sandpiper
  • Short-billed dowitcher
  • Short-eared owl
  • Snowy egret
  • Solitary sandpiper
  • Spruce grouse
  • Surf scoter
  • Tricolored heron
  • Upland sandpiper
  • Veery
  • Whimbrel
  • Whip-poor-will
  • White-winged scoter
  • Wood duck
  • Wood thrush
  • Yellow rail

Fish (9 species):

  • Alewife
  • American eel
  • American shad
  • Atlantic salmon
  • Atlantic sturgeon
  • Blueback herring
  • Shortnose sturgeon
  • Winter flounder

Plants (4 species):

  • Eastern prairie fringed orchid
  • Furbish’s lousewort
  • Robbin’s cinquefoil
  • Small whorled pogonia


  • Canada lynx


  • Horseshoe crab


  • Plymouth redbelly turtle

For more information, here are some organizations in the Gulf of Maine that are rescuing or helping to sustain endangered marine species.
Marine mammal rescues in Maine -- Allied Whale
Rescuing entangled whales: Center for Coastal Studies
New England Aquarium: marine animal rescue and rehabilitation
Marine Animal Rehabilitation Center at University of New England

National Science Foundation Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Maine Forest Products Council Irving Woodlands, LLC Desiree Carlson, M.D. More Connected. More Maine.

Major funding is provided by the National Science Foundation.
Additional funding is provided by the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, Maine Forest Products Council, Irving Woodlands LLC., Desiree Carlson, M.D., and gifts to More Connected. More Maine, The Campaign for Maine Public Broadcasting Network's Programming.

A list of other funders includes:
The Davis Family Foundation, Margaret E. Burnham Charitable Trust, and Lincoln Ladd.

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